Causes of psychological unhealthy workers are varied. They include not only the pressure caused by the objective environment, but also subjective factors such as cognitive disorders, emotional disorders. First, the ever-changing market makes companies feel the cruelty of competition. In counter-competitive strategies and actions, companies have mercilessly transferred competition from the “pyramid” top of the organization to the “pyramid” base: the employees. The pace of the employees’ lives and work is accelerating, which puts more and more pressure on employees. When the requirements imposed by environmental conditions exceed one’s capabilities and resources, people will feel nervous and stress (Kato, 2014). This is a mental and physical state due to the awareness of potential dangers and the response to eliminate the dangers. It gives people a certain sense of urgency.
Individual pressure can be explained from the following aspects. Family pressure includes conflict or divorce between husband and wife, loss of family member relations, conflict between generations, birth and death or accidents of relatives, family poverty, illness or disillusionment, and unemployment. The family is no longer a place to relieve stress, but it increases the psychological burden. Personal cognitive bias or thinking patterns, one-sidedness of values can also produce self-stress (Kato, 2014). Some people are overly demanding in their perfection. They are forced perfectionists. They look at life with distorted and non-logical thoughts, so that they can’t unravel their entanglement in their hearts, leading to self-defeating and interpersonal tensions. Defects in personality can also cause stress. For those who do, they tend to look ahead and take care of themselves. Some people stubbornly want to hit the wall repeatedly for everything they can’t achieve. Some people view life and society in an ossified manner, forming a spirit that can’t fit and cannot be seen.
Tension in interpersonal relationships can easily inhibit people’s motivation to innovate and hinder creative thinking and creative imagination. This reduces work efficiency. Interpersonal relationship problems are manifested in two aspects: interpersonal conflicts, and almost all relationships between people (Romer et al., 2012). The main cause is the lack of communication or miscommunication. Excessive communication can also make people tired, people need interpersonal communication on the one hand, and people’s need are only limited on the other hand. Exceeding such limit brings problems.
Professional pressure mainly manifests the following aspects. The pressure can be caused by unfair distribution of salary and bonuses. These occupational pressures affect the psychology and behavior of people in the workplace. A moderate sense of urgency can mobilize human intelligence factors and non-intellectual factors, enabling people’s high-level neural activities to work in coordination and help improve work efficiency. However, persistent, over-stressed pressures tend to make people’s high-level nerve activity in the nervous state for a long period of time. Under certain conditions, they cause high-level neural activity disorders. Long-term psychological stress can reduce people’s immunity and increase the incidence of pathogenesis, resulting in a series of psychological problems such as absenteeism, high turnover rate, high accident rate, and physical exhaustion, mental retardation, lack of efficiency, depression, suicide and other pathological consequences (Kato, 2014). They all ultimately affect the performance of the company and the personal development of employees.
The stress caused by workaholics or occupational exhaustion also affects efficiency. Workaholics are people who are addicted to work and do not rest for a long time. The psychology is similar to psychology’s “depravity behavior” and “compulsory behavior”, and long-term overloaded work will exert great pressure on the human body. On the contrary, occupational depletion is generally manifested as: people who not know what to do and how to do unprovoked worry about their personal relationships, lack of confidence in the future complain about the personnel of the unit, organizational structure, blame the responsibility of others. This is a state of physical, emotional and psychological exhaustion.
Interpersonal conflicts make the company’s interpersonal relationships stressful. Employees do not trust each other, and mutual suspicion results in decreased organizational cohesion. Some employees who do customer service have too many customers during the day, and they don’t want to communicate with people after work or return home, resulting in boredom (Romer et al., 2012). In real life, people often sigh and scream, this is because they deal with too many people and become extremely tired. In this way, over time, not only will it affect interpersonal relationships, but even their personality traits will change, leading to a decline in mental health.